Gyeongju by District

Gyeongju by District
“Sasaseongjang (寺寺星張) Taptapanhaeng (塔塔雁行)”
“Temples align like stars in the sky, and pagodas line up like wild geese.”
It is a phrase out of “The Heritage of the Three States (三國遺事),” which shows an aspect of Silla’s splendid prosperity. For 992 years (BC 57 - AD 935), Gyeongju was the capital of Silla where the culture of the ancient kingdom stayed alive through Buddhism, science, and art as well as the spirit of Hwarang, or “Flowering Knights,” an elite group of male youth. Gyeongju is geographically divided into a total of seven areas: Downtown, Bomun Tourist Complex (or Bomun Area), Bulgulsa, Namsan, Donghae, Seoak, and Bukbu. Each area has distinctive characteristics and charms, making it an ideal place for organizing a convention requiring diverse programs per theme or purpose.
  • Downtown Area
    Downtown Area
  • The history of ancient kingdom and the life of modernity coexist in Downtown Area. All over the zone are palaces, ancient tombs, temple sites, and temples, and this is where visitors can come in contact with myths and fables of the progenitors of the Silla Kingdom, Park Hyeogeose, Seok Talhae, and Kim Alji. As the center and the starting point to understand the 1,000-year-old history of Silla, the Downtown Zone includes Wolseong Site, Daereungwon Site, and Hwangryongsa Site among Gyeongju Historic Sites designated as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 2000.

    Major Historic Sites
    Gyeongju National Museum (where The Bell of King Seokdeok, the 29th National Treasure, is stored), Gyerim, Namsan, East Palace (Donggung) and Wolji (former Anap Site), Daereungwon Tomb Complex (Cheonmachong Tomb), Bunhwangsa Temple, Wolseong, Oreung, Cheongseongdae Observatory, Royal Tomb of King Talhae, Hwangryongsa Temple Site.
  • Bomun Area
    Bomun Area
  • Surrounding the artificial Bomunho Lake is Bumun Tourist Complex covering total area of 8510,000㎡. With stunning natural landscape, luxury hotels and condominiums, golf course, theme park, and amusement facilities, this comprehensive leisure and tourism complex includes Sanseong Area among Gyeongju Historic Sites designated as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 2000.

    Major Historic Sites
    Gyeongju World Culture Expo Park, Gyeongju World Amusement Park, East Palace Garden, Bomunho Lake, Silla Millennium Park, Wooyang Art Museum, Teddy Bear Museum
  • Bulgulsa Area
    Bulgulsa Area
  • Of the Five Sacred Mountains (五岳) of Silla (Mount Toham of the East, Mount Gyeoryong of the West, Mount Jiri of the South, and Mount Taebaek of the North and Mount Palgong of the Center), Bulguksa Area includes Mount Toham of the East, which was designated as Patriotic (護國) Guardian Mountain (鎭山). Through Bulgulksa Temple and Seokguram Grotto, which were designated as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1995, visitors can feel the cultural of the Unified Silla Kingdom.

    Major Historic Sites
    Gyeongju Folk Craft Village, Tomb of King Wonseong, Dongni Mokwol Library Museum, Bulguksa Temple, Seokguram Grotto
  • Namsan Area
    Namsan Area
  • From Najeong Well where Silla’s progenitor Park Heokgeose was born to the Poseokjeong site, which symbolically shows the fall of the Silla Kingdom, the beginning and end of Silla history remained intact in this area. With over 150 temple sites, some 120 stone Buddha statues, and 96 stone pagodas, the Namsan area presents the best compressed version of the Silla culture, and it is one of Gyeongju Historic Sites designated as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 2000.

    Major Historic Sites
    Najeong Well, Samneunggol Valley, Seochulji Pond, Yongjanggol Valley, the Poseokjeong Site
  • Donghae Area
    Donghae Area
  • The area is best-known for the Underwater Tomb of King Munmu symbolizing the king’s patriotic will; according to legend, he said his spirit would take the shape of a dragon to protect his country after his death. Along with other historic sites including Gaeumsa Temple Site, Golgulsa Temple, and Girimsa Temple, Donghae Area along the East Coast comes with a variety of sports and leisure areas like beach, auto campgrounds, and Padosori-gil Coast Trail.

    Major Historic Sites
    Gaeumsa Temple Site and three-story stone pagoda, Golgulsa Temple, Girimsa Temple, Underwater Tomb of King Munmu, Padosori-gil Coastal Trail, Yangnam Jusangjeolli Cliffs
  • Seoak (West Mountain) Area
    Seoak (West Mountain) Area
  • Imbued with the spirit of Hwarang Knights, which became the basis of Unification of the Three Kingdoms, this area includes the Tomb of King Muyeol and Mount Danseok where the Great Hero and General of Silla Kingdom Kim Yu-sin disciplined himself when he was 17. In addition, there are noted tourist attractions like the birthplace of celebrated poet Park Mog-wol, a native of Gyeongju, Buyongji Pond as the habitat of lotus flowers, and Geumjangdae Pavilion with the best view in Gyeongju.

    Major Historic Sites
    Tomb of General Kim Yu-sin, Geumjangdae Pavilion, Mount Danseok, Underwater Tomb of King Munmu, birthplace of poet Pak Mog-wol, Buyongji Pond, and Seoak-dong Ancient Tombs
  • Bukbu Area
    Bukbu Area
  • Bukbu Area in the north has been a sacred place of Buddhism and Cheondogyo, a 20th-century Korean religious movement, as well as Confucian culture throughout Korean history from the Silla Kingdom to the Goryeo Dynasty to the Joseon Dynasty. There are Yongdamjeong Pavilion, the cradle of the Donghak Revolution of the 19th century, and Yangdong Village, Korea’s largest traditional village of living Confucian culture. Yangdong Folk Village in particular was designated as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 2010, along with Andong Hahoe Folk Village in Andong in North Gyeongsang Province.

    Major Historic Sites
    Yangdong Folk Village, Oksan Seowon, Yongdamjeong Pavilion